Easy to tell Hop-hornbeam on mature trees, the bark peels in vertical stripes vs smooth bark on the hornbeam. If you find that you are refuelling the fire too often, hornbeam … hophornbeam (plural hophornbeams) Any species of the genus Ostrya, with exceptionally dense wood and hop-like fruit. It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. The twigs are also different, more like cherry or birch. The genus name Ostrya is derived from the Greek word ὀστρύα (ostrúa), which may be related to ὄστρακον (óstrakon) "shell (of an animal)". The choice usually comes down to one between Hornbeam and Beech, so what are the relative merits of one against the other? on the IL-WI border, a mile from ''da Lake'', Formal & informal upright, twin trunk, broom, [EU/Germany] Korean hornbeam - Carpinus turczaninowii var. Both are suitable for medium to larger bonsai. The wood is very hard and heavy. Ostrya is a genus of eight to 10 small deciduous trees belonging to the birch family Betulaceae. It is all very confusing. ][citation needed], this hard and stable wood was historically used to fashion plane soles. But all these are varieties of carpinus. American hornbeam is a wonderful addition to small yards, and is also perfect for a natural landscape or as a specimen tree. Ironwood and ironwood, hophornbeam and hornbeam. Hornbeam is a very dense and hard type of firewood, which in turn means that it burns very slowly. Hornbeam or blue-beech is a common tree in our forests, and it also appears in many parks and gardens. The American hornbeam can tolerate wet conditions, prefers shade (although it can grow in sun), and is less drought tolerant; the American hop hornbeam is more drought tolerant, cannot tolerate flooding conditions, and can grow in sunnier sites. In Minnesota, both hornbeams rarely grow beyond a 4" diameter, and that tree will be over 50 years old. The smallest hornbeam variety is the Japanese hornbeam (Carpinus japonica). Maybe operator error, but I've seen enough anecdotal evidence that hophornbeams just don't like their roots to be disturbed and react accordingly. A hop-hornbeam has shaggy, scaling bark and thin, translucent, green leaves with hairy leafstalks. The European hornbeam, particularly the cultivar ‘Fastigiata’, is often found in U.S landscapes. The hard wood of American hornbeam is used to make golf clubs, tool handles and mallets. The leaves are light and easily cleaned up. A hop, of course, is a humulus lupulis and what is used to flavor beer. THERE ARE TWO members of the birch family that often go unnoticed in the understory of our forests: the Eastern hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) and American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana). coreana, Triple Trunk Korean Hornbeam. Emergence begins in late May or early June and can continue for most of the growing season, with additional emergence after rain. JavaScript is disabled. Common names include hop-hornbeam and hophornbeam. Good luck! hop-hornbeam (UK) Etymology . I have in our stash and hophornbeam and hornbeam. Although American hophornbeam's fall color is not sensational, it helps to "soften" the autumn landscape. Ostrya virginiana. It may not display this or other websites correctly. My long-term survival rate with hornbeam is about 75-80%; with hophornbeam it's much less than 50%. I recommend identifying the tree by its bark. I've only seen one over 6" in 55 years - and that was a wooded area that became a lawn. Flora of North America, vol 3, hop-hornbeam, Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ostrya&oldid=1000129793, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 18:48. I would add the note that here I'm talking about specimens with trunk base > 1". Hop hornbeam (Bot. Ironwood is a synonym of hornbeam. Also hop hornbeam is easier to debark than hornebam because it's smoother under bark. The trunks of Hornbeam trees are fluted, which is sometimes still evident in processed lumber—the growth rings in the endgrain may appear more polygonal and faceted rather than perfectly circular. Tolerates dry, shady sites. This small, short-lived tree is common in the understorey of rich, moist woods. Planting, care and pruning, here is all our advice: Hornbeam, of both kinds, is incredibly strong if it doesn't get wet. The fruit form in pendulous clusters 3–8 cm long with 6–20 seeds; each seed is a small nut 2–4 mm long, fully enclosed in a bladder-like involucre.[2]. From experience with the Winter Tree Finder, I can tell you it takes a long time to key out this twig. Height – 30 to 50 feet (10 to 15 meters) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary Foliage – deciduous Flowering – spring. Plants in the genus Carpinus (Cár-pi-nus) are commonly called Hornbeams. Since hophornbeam is in the birch family, its twigs look very “birch-y” and often carry catkins. †Ostrya scholzii fossil seeds of the Chattian stage, Oligocene, are known from the Oberleichtersbach Formation in the Rhön Mountains, central Germany.[5]. ), an American tree of the genus Ostrya (O. Virginica) the American ironwood; also, a European. Plant in the spring. Eastern Hophornbeam. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Hophornbeams, on the other hand are in ostrya in the birch family - they too have seed thingies that look like a hop. Seems pretty uniform across the board with the other arborists in my field that I’ve come encountered. As nouns the difference between hornbeam and hophornbeam is that hornbeam is a tree of the genus carpinus , having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the united states while hophornbeam is any species of the genus ostrya , with exceptionally dense wood. The floral change in the tertiary of the Rhön mountains (Germany) by Dieter Hans Mai - Acta Paleobotanica 47(1): 135-143, 2007. Each tree has at some time been called by the common name of the other. Hophornbeam tend to have less muscular/fluted trunks, with some flaking with age. Advice on choosing a Hornbeam or Beech Hedge . Our is carpinifolia and your's is virginiana. It is not as well known in the UK as other similar wood species such as oak and beech, but it is a real top-quality firewood. Uses The wood of hop hornbeam is hard and durable. You can prune Japanese hornbeams as bonsai specimens. Comments: Hophornbeam is a member of the Betulaceae family, and is somewhat related to Birch (Betula genus) and Hornbeam (Carpinus genus). A hop, of course, is a humulus lupulis, hops will have rough bark when mature and leaves hang through the winter. Korean Yamadori. clusters resembling hops. If you don't have a lot of experience collecting trees for bonsai ... well, manage your expectations. You will find hophornbeam much more difficult to collect than hornbeam. AFAIK every hormbeam produces seed 'pod' that look like a hop. The Ironwood (American Hophornbeam), is a native, smaller tree many times found as an understory plant. I do have a comment regarding Hornbeam vs. Thanks! Beech, Fagus sylvatica and Hornbeam, Carpinus betulus, are unrelated but very similar looking trees when they are grown as a hedge. Leaves and Buds It is the upland equivalent to hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana). Hop Hornbeam… I have learned my trees (in Illinois and North Carolina) and we refer to Hornbeam- Carpinus caroliniana as “Musclewood”, and Hop Hornbeam- Ostrya virginiana as “Ironwood”. Soon I hope to make some more bows of hornbeam, got one stave 0,9 SG. I have a chance to collect a decent looking tree that my plant identifier app tells me is an American Hophornbeam. They have a conical or irregular crown and a scaly, rough bark. You must log in or register to reply here. The combination of trunk and bark should separate this tree from the American Hornbeam, with which it has shared an unusual history of confusion in common names. But all these are varieties of carpinus. Hornbeam. Difficult to transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots. Ostrya species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including winter moth, walnut sphinx, and Coleophora ostryae. Major hornbeam facts. Your hop hornbeam and ours seems to be different. It's easier to collected seedlings with a good survival rate than the larger ones. Phonetic Spelling OSS-tree-uh vir-jin-ee-AN-uh Description. Eastern hop hornbeam, American Hop-hornbeam, Hop hornbeam, Ironwood, Leverwood, Ironwood Hornbeam Tree . Not saying don't try, just manage your expectations. They are very slow growing, but once re-established, will make excellent growth. The flowers are produced in spring, with male catkins 5–10 cm long and female aments 2–5 cm long. Hophornbeam copperleaf is native to the United States and is mostly found in the Midwest, Mid-South and South. American hornbeam is more difficult to transplant than European hornbeam. Very young twigs are sparsely fuzzy to thickly hairy; the hairs (trichomes) drop off by the next year. It's an excellent tree for lawns, street trees, or parks. Progression thread. The American Hophornbeam, Ostrya virginiana, tree is also known as the: 'Ironwood Tree', principally because of the extremely hard wood that is commercially grown to make tools such as hammer handles and cross bows that are used in archery. European hophornbeam is a beautiful ornamental tree that can reach quite an impressive size when fully mature. Hornbeam is the cheaper of the two, but you should also consider these points: Beech is the most popular due to its beautiful leaves. It should be transplanted balled-and- burlapped in the spring. Introduction: American hophornbeam is a small understory tree of well-drained, deciduous forests that thrives on neglect. When I get enough nervs to debark it. They have alternate and double-toothed birch-like leaves 3–10 cm long. Its small size allows it to fit into tiny yards and under power lines. Related Species: European Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) Related Articles: The hoplike, green fruits are 0soyoung Imperial Masterpiece. [1] They have a conical or irregular crown and a scaly, rough bark. American hophornbeam is a small deciduous understory tree growing to 18 m (59 ft) tall and 20–50 centimetres (8–20 in) trunk diameter. Ostrya virginiana, or Hop Hornbeam, is a small and slender deciduous tree with a generally rounded top that may grow 20 to 35 feet tall and 7 to 10 inches in diameter, although some specimens can reach 50 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet.It is naturally found in dry, rocky forests. Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. Messages 6,679 Reaction score 10,930 Location Anacortes, WA (AHS heat zone 1) USDA Zone 8b Sep 19, 2020 #2 AFAIK every hormbeam produces seed 'pod' that look like a hop. 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